Tolkien and Hugo Dyson about myth and Christianity. The lump of bronze in our example is clearly distinct from The Thinker, since it can exist without The Thinker; but it also clearly shares all the same matter in common with The Thinker, and hence, on this view, counts as the same material object.
If we say that something can be divine while lacking those properties, then we lose all grip on what it means to be divine.
Augustine himself suggested several important analogies, as did others in the medieval Latin tradition. But whatever else it might be, it is certainly implied by the view that there are three distinct divine substances. Jesus is then a payment not to Satan but to God.
The Moral Influence and Socinian theories stress the persuasive aspect of Atonement, including the Atonement as an example cf. Perhaps the most popular such account is the part—whole model. On this picture, Jesus' sinless life is as much a part of his soteriologically relevant work as his suffering and death on the cross.
Moreover, one might wonder whether taking the two minds model seriously leads us to the view that Christ suffers from something like multiple personality disorder.
According to the Thomistic model, philosophy and theology are distinct enterprises, differing primarily in their intellectual starting points. Perhaps, for example, you will send flowers every day for a week; perhaps you will stand outside your friend's window with a portable stereo playing a meaningful song; perhaps you will offer some other sort of gift or sacrifice.
Given that Christ is a man, he owes it to the Father to live a sinless life; but why isn't the incarnation itself sufficiently supererogatory to merit the debt-cancelling reward? It would also be unfitting for God to leave us in the helpless situation of being unable to reconcile ourselves to him.
Is this very far removed from the legendary volcano gods who need to be placated by the death of virgins? According to Anselm, our sin puts us in a kind of debt toward God.
Penal substitutionary theories, for example, maintain that it is morally impossible for God simply to forgive our sins without exacting reparation or punishment.
It was during this time however that St. We also leave aside a variety of important but less-discussed topics in philosophical theology, such as the nature of divine revelation and scripture, original sin, the authority of tradition, and the like. Thus far, it may sound as if the exemplar theory says that all there is to the efficacy of Jesus' life and death for salvation is the provision of a fine example for us to imitate.
Indeed, these theories seem unable to account even for the value in Christ's passion, much less its necessity. According to Swinburne, it would be unfitting for God simply to overlook our sins, ignoring the need for reparation and penance. Importantly, penance isn't punishment: Consider Rodin's famous bronze statue, The Thinker.
Note, too, that it is hard to see how the personalities and centers of consciousness that figure into these analogies could be viewed as the same substance as one another, as the doctrine of the trinity requires us to say of the divine persons. At this point, therefore, it is natural to wonder what exactly it is that makes both proposals count as versions of social trinitarianism.
Bliss is not for sale, cannot be earned, "Works" have no "merit," though of course faith, inevitably, even unconsciously, flows out into works of love at once.
Philosophy and Christian Theology In the history of Christian theology, philosophy has sometimes been seen as a natural complement to theological reflection, whereas at other times practitioners of the two disciplines have regarded each other as mortal enemies.
None of the other episodes quite make sense, or fit together into a whole, until this pivotal missing chapter has been added to the narrative Miracles, chap.
Thomas Hamilton, was an Anglican chaplain in Rome and rector of St. He once wrote in a May 7, letter to Clyde Kilby: Since much theological language, for example, language describing the doctrine of the Trinity, lacks empirical content, such language must be meaningless.
The main challenge for this solution is to show that the Relative Sameness assumption is coherent, and to show that the doctrine of the trinity can be stated in a way that is demonstrably consistent given the assumption of relative identity. This something further is penance.
Christ retains all of the traditional divine attributes. But, Anselm argues, the reward can be transferred; and, under the circumstances, it would be unfitting for God not to transfer it.
The Anselmian version of the satisfaction theory does not quite encounter these difficulties.
At the end of this last book in the Narnia series one of the outsiders, a Calorman named Emeth which is the transliteration of the Hebrew word for "truth"who has been a life-long worshiper of Tash, approaches Aslan.
These data can be accepted on the basis of divine authority, in a way analogous to the way in which we accept, for example, the claims made by a physics professor about the basic facts of physics.
Jesus Christ is one person, the God-man, performing the work of salvation in his own person on behalf of all humanity.C. S.
Lewis is one of the greatest writers and thinkers of the twentieth century. In the midst of a post-Christian age, Lewis dared to advocate a genial return to orthodox Christian doctrine.
Here, we take a brief view of the legacy of C. S. Lewis. However, many Christians struggle to understand and live this doctrine better. We know that the Atonement works; but how it works is not as clear. Over the centuries many different theories have been suggested to explain how the Atonement works.
As C. S. Lewis and others note, no one interpretation has been singled out as the only valid theory. tures and these questions are intended to both explain Lewis’s ideas and to help you to keep track of the underlying themes that tie together all four sections (books) that comprise.
Through this tree of life, He would have 57 C.S. Lewis, The Problem of Pain, chapter 5 58 C.S. Lewis, The Magician’s Nephew, p 59 C.S.
Lewis, The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe, p 60 Irenaeus, Against Heresies Mako A. Nagasawa Page | 15 preserved in. That concise statement by the apostle Paul (2 Corinthians a) has kept theologians busy for nearly two thousand years, trying to understand what exactly is being affirmed in the Christian doctrines of the Incarnation and the Atonement.
With the divine nature of Christ in place (incarnation), we then proceed to atonement, “The Christian doctrine of atonement is essentially an attempt to understand the earliest teaching of the Church that „Christ died for our sins‟ (1 Cor. )” (Albl ).Download